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MBTI Step II Facets: Realistic–Imaginative

Oct 10, 2017 in MBTI Talk | 0 comments

A colleague came into my office one day and asked me, “Why would someone send another person flowers?” I was a bit surprised by the question. She continued, “They seem like such a waste. I mean, they are really expensive and they are going to die.” I thought about it for a minute, not sure at first how to respond. I love to send and receive flowers, so I tried to explain that the cost and short life span of such a gift are not the point. Clearly not getting my message across very well, I decided to switch gears and asked my colleague, “What is the best present you have ever received?” She thought about it for a minute, then replied, “A coffee maker. I can use it over and over again.” Then, grinning, “It won’t die.” Realistic people usually prefer getting useful things. Cost, utility, life span are all considerations they take into account when making up their wish lists. But as someone who reports Imaginative, I tend not to consider usefulness and cost first. When it comes to gifts for me, the more unique and whimsical, the better. In terms of how people view each other, people who report realistic may see Imaginative people as lacking common sense, ignoring reality and/or wasting time. Yet these people also tend to admire Imaginative people’s ability to dream up something that may be useful. On the other hand, people who report Imaginative may see Realistic people as materialistic or unimaginative, yet admire their grasp on realities of a situation (including the bottom line). As an exercise, think about leaders you’ve seen in the past. When they’re learning about new competition, or taking in information to determine the company’s direction, how would a Realistic or Imaginative facet play a difference in what information they decide to pay attention to and what information they ignore? (If you want to read this series from the beginning, start...

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MBTI Type, Age, and Occupation Play a Significant Role in Workplace Happiness [Whitepaper]

Sep 28, 2017 in MBTI Talk | 0 comments

New research lead by the CPP Asia Pacific office in Australia reveals personality type plays a role in workplace well-being. The study—Well-being and MBTI® Personality Type in the Workplace—investigates how differences in well-being are influenced by personality type, gender, age, geography, occupation, and activities. “Research shows that higher well-being of workers adds to a company’s bottom line,” said Martin Boult, Sr. Director of Professional Services and International Training at CPP Asia Pacific. “Happy workers are more energetic, creative, cooperative, and work harder. Businesses with high worker satisfaction are more productive, experience lower turnover and higher customer loyalty, and have a higher share value.” Well-being was measured by the five factors of Martin Seligman’s PERMA well-being model: Positive Emotions, Engagement, Relationships, Meaning, and Accomplishment. Findings of the study include: Differences by Personality Type People with a preference for Introversion show lower levels of workplace well-being than those with a preference for Extraversion: Those with preferences for ISTP (Introversion, Sensing, Thinking, Perceiving) show the lowest levels of well-being, and people with a preference for ENFP (Extraversion, Intuition, Feeling, Perceiving) show the highest well-being ENFP respondents had especially high Engagement and Relationship PERMA scores Personality type also influences the activities people use to support their happiness: Social interaction was scored by most Extraverts as effective in maintaining well-being Introverts reported activities such as reading, playing video games, or meditation most effective Differences by Gender, Age and Geography Well-being increased with the age of the respondents Women rated their well-being higher than men Effectiveness of activities that increase well-being differs by region—African respondents indicated that the two items associated with religion and spirituality were effective, while European respondents rated those two activities as less effective Differences by Occupation “Community and social services” and “Education, training, and library” occupations reported the highest overall levels of workplace well-being “Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media” and “Office and administrative support” occupations reported the lowest levels of workplace well-being “The results of this study show that organizations seeking to support workplace well-being should consider personality types and offer a range of activities. You want to avoid relying on a one-size-fits-all approach.” said Boult. “Findings also suggest that organizations in different parts of the world should consider localized approaches to supporting well-being at work.” For a copy of the complete study, visit...

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The Importance of the Order of the Sensing–Intuition Facets

Sep 26, 2017 in MBTI Talk | 0 comments

When interpreting MBTI® Step II™ facet results, practitioners sometimes forget about the significance of the order of the facets. When it comes to paying attention to things, Sensing–Intuition (taking in information) people start by using a Concrete, Midzone, or Abstract approach first. They then go down the list of the remaining facets, in order: Realistic-Imaginative, Practical-Conceptual, Experiential-Theoretical, and Traditional-Original. (If you want a great team exercise involving these Sensing and Intuition facets to improve team information gathering, download it here.) I report Intuition and in-preference Abstract on the first S-N facet. When I’m learning something new, I need time to “go beyond the surface and read between the lines,” as my MBTI® Step II™ Interpretive Report reads. As a result, I have trouble focusing on the tangible specifics involved. When my kitchen was being remodeled a few years ago, I “volunteered” to help make the cabinets. My partner (reported Sensing and in-preference Concrete) had lots of experience building things like this and was doing his best to teach me. However, his level of detail was overwhelming to my learning style. He could tell, so every few minutes he would look me in the eye and say “focus,” because he thought he could see I was losing interest. What he didn’t realize was that my mind was moving forward to the bigger-picture possibilities. Building the cabinets was a struggle for me, but in the long run I was able to focus and do my small part. The kitchen cabinets look great…and I helped! Sometimes understanding the Step II facets can be more difficult than we thought. If you’re looking for an aid in better understanding these facets, take a look at this booklet and read more about flexing your MBTI Step II facets here. Also if you want to read this series from the beginning, start...

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MBTI Step II Facets: Tough–Tender

Sep 12, 2017 in MBTI Talk | 0 comments

A couple of months ago, a participant in a training program told me she thinks of his Tough behavior in terms of removing a small bandage. She said Tough behavior is like removing that bandage in one quick pull. For her, pulling the bandage off slowly only prolongs the pain. This firm approach can be effective as long as it doesn’t cross over the line and become stern. Tender behavior certainly does not intentionally prolong pain. Instead, people who report Tender believe that a kinder and gentler approach works best. This may look like they are backpedaling to those on the Tough side. However, further exploration reveals that those using Tender behavior tend to implement a decision with the intent of getting as much buy-in from those affected by the decision as possible. Both Tough and Tender behavior can be effective when implementing a decision. Yet, when I cover this with teams, I often find team members have difficulty understanding their non-preferred side. We need to remember how this is described in the MBTI® Step II™ Manual (p. 24): Tough–Tender focuses on the impact of our judgments and how we proceed once our judgments have been made. If we stay open to both sides of this facet, we stand the best chance of achieving decision-making success. Did you miss reading about the other Thinking–Feeling facets? Below are the hyperlinks in case you want to read the blogs posted previously: Questioning – Accommodating Critical–Accepting The Importance of Facet Order Team Building with Step II Facets All MBTI Step II Facets Explained [Video] ...

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MBTI Step II Facets: Critical–Accepting

Aug 29, 2017 in MBTI Talk | 0 comments

Be prepared for some push-back from clients who report Thinking in-preference Critical on the MBTI® Step II™ assessment. The bullet-point descriptors on the MBTI® Step II™ Interpretive Report can be more direct (some say harsh) for this result than for any other. I’ve had a client get a bit argumentative about the descriptor “are argumentative.” And a participant in an MBTI® Certification Program this week sprinted across the room to the Accepting side after reading the Critical descriptors! While I make it clear to clients that they are the final decision maker on their MBTI results, I also encourage them to challenge their conclusion by asking people who know them well whether or not these results and the descriptors seem to fit them. For that reason, I ask clients to never cross out any of the report comments. Instead, I have them highlight in yellow any descriptors with which they agree and in pink any with which they disagree. That way, they get to own what they choose while still keeping what they disagree with visible. If you do team-building work that includes this facet, don’t be surprised to find lots of participants reporting Accepting, regardless of whether they report a preference for Thinking or Feeling. Societal influence plays a part here, in that we are a society that encourages accepting over critical behavior. Critical behavior can get an unfair bad rap. While it can come across as overly negative, the purpose of critical behavior is simply to correct what is wrong. By the way, if you haven’t seen the updated version of the MBTI Step II Interpretive Report, you can find the sample report...

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MBTI Step II Thinking-Feeling Facets: The Importance of Facet Order

Aug 14, 2017 in MBTI Talk | 0 comments

If you want to start this series from the beginning, take a look at the first few blogs here, here and here. When interpreting MBTI® Step II™ Interpretive Report results, practitioners tend to forget about the importance of the order of the facets (see MBTI® Step II™ Manual, pp. 22–23). We know that the first T–F facet, Logical–Empathetic, is the starting point for decision making, with the remaining facets (Reasonable–Compassionate, Questioning–Accommodating, Critical–Accepting, and Tough–Tender) following in order. While both of the first two facets report a high percentage of in-preference results, we often find that the first facet represents the decision-making style we think we should use. The second facet is likely our actual decision-making style. For example, when a client reports Logical on the first facet and Compassionate on the second facet, be sure to ask the client about this difference. Why might this difference from ideal to actual occur? Who in this person’s life (past or present) might be influencing this result? How might this difference help or hinder the person’s decision-making approach? I’ve witnessed many clients’ “aha!” moments when they look at the Thinking–Feeling facets in light of this additional information. In the next blog we’re going to cover the last two sets of facets in the Thinking-Feeling preference pair: Critical–Accepting, and Tough–Tender. As a reminder, if you need a quick overview of all the facets, you can take a look at this video I put together (and even click through to certain sections if that’s all you want to watch). Also, if you haven’t seen our new feedback cards, we’re offering this new product for both the Step I and Step II assessments. You can learn more about this new product to help practitioners give feedback for the MBTI Step II facets here and then take a look at the “how to” video...

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Team Building with the MBTI Step II Thinking-Feeling Facets

Aug 2, 2017 in MBTI Talk | 0 comments

There is just so much depth with the Thinking–Feeling facets that many people only begin to explore. During the MBTI® Certification Program, I take participants through several decision-making stages—T–F facet by T–F facet. A participant asked me this week how I keep things from getting out of hand when I go through this process with working teams. She realized that it can be a powerful experience for teams and things can get a bit heated. While I don’t feel especially comfortable with conflict, I replied that sometimes you want to encourage getting those uncomfortable words out in the open so they can finally get addressed. As the facilitator of such a team-building experience, I need to work hard when conflict erupts to keep each side as open as possible to hearing what the other side has to say. I need to call out both verbal (disrespectful comments) and nonverbal (eye rolling, dismissive nodding, arm crossing) communication from team members and challenge everyone in the room to find productive ways to understand and appreciate the differences we all bring to the table. This doesn’t mean that I always succeed in getting people to completely agree. However, if I can get team members to start to hear each other’s decision-making differences, then that team is moving in the right direction. The MBTI Team Report can also come in handy here because it provides a good checklist of things for teams to keep in mind whenever they make decisions, as does drawing a team type...

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MBTI Step II Facets: Can We Be Too Accommodating?

Jul 19, 2017 in MBTI Talk | 0 comments

If you missed it, you can see the first blog post in this series here and the post on the other side of this facet, Questioning, here. I often ask people who report Accommodating on the MBTI® Step II™ Interpretive Report if they are too accommodating. Usually, the reply is a straightforward and accommodating “yes!” Accommodating people tend to pick their battles when faced with differences of opinion. As a result, they are sometimes seen as “wishy-washy” and as pushovers. When we accommodate too much, it might even look like we don’t care—not good if we want to be part of the decision-making process in the future. For those of us who are Accommodating, it can be very difficult to suddenly switch gears. I know when I try not to accommodate and my point of view is questioned, I just can’t help but see the other side (just like you can flex your MBTI preferences, you or your client can also practice flexing your MBTI Step II facets). This makes it difficult for me to continue to question. It might look like I’m just giving in, but I’m not. My coaching takeaway is that I need to clarify why I agree in a clear and logical way to better get my point across while also keeping in the forefront what I might have disagreed with in the first place. Want to learn more about flexing Step II Facets? Take a look at the eBook we created to explain that here. Specifically, see page 17 onward to read about flexing the Questioning and Accommodating facets. Question: In the MBTI® Certification Program, I teach three reasons why the Questioning–Accommodating facet is often out-of-preference. Do you know what those three reasons...

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MBTI Step II Questioning Facet: In-Preference and Out-of-Preference

Jul 5, 2017 in MBTI Talk | 0 comments

If you missed the first blog in this series, check out the overview here. Or you can watch this video that covers all 20 MBTI Step II facets. As I mentioned previously, we’re going to cover the Thinking-Feeling facets first starting with Questioning and Accommodating. This facet in particular deals with how a person responds to differences in a point of view. Questioning in-preference can come off as a bit harsh at times. I tell a story in my MBTI® Certification Program about a participant who started every question with the phrase “But you said…” while holding up her index finger. When I brought this to her attention, she denied that she asked questions that way but then looked around the room to see others confirming that this was true. With some coaching from other participants, she learned to ask questions another way. She now starts them like this: “Help me understand….” Another participant tapped—and at times pounded her fist—on the table as she asked questions (I learned to stop jumping after the first few times this happened). Again, this person was not even aware of it, but when we brought it up she caught herself as she asked her next question. Just bringing this behavior to her attention helped her see that asking questions this way may not be getting her the answers she wants and needs. Out-of-preference Questioning behavior often looks a bit different. Have you ever noticed how some people ask a question in an apologetic way? They look like they’re sorry they’re asking the question but can’t help but ask it. I sometimes ask these people whether they have been given feedback from others that they ask too many questions and, if so, how that makes them feel. Typically, they say yes, and that they feel like they’re being a burden. So for them, asking questions feels uncomfortable. And yet, they still need to ask their question. I remind them that asking questions is a valuable way for them to make decisions but that this inconsistency in behavior (people with a preference for Feeling tend to report on the Accommodating side of the facet) can lead to confusion and even mistrust from others.  People with midzone results on Questioning–Accommodating tend to ask lots of questions on topics that are of particular interest to them but fewer to none in areas that are not as interesting....

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MBTI Step II Facets: An Overview

Jun 20, 2017 in MBTI Talk | 0 comments

In the next few blog entries I will give you my take on the MBTI® Step II™ facets. Those of you who have been through CPP’s MBTI Certification Program know what an interesting day exploring the facets in more detail can be. While the facets don’t cover every characteristic of each dichotomy, they are “important and significant subsets,” as one participant expressed it. We have to remember that the facet results don’t add up to the dichotomies, and therefore some clients could have more out-of-preference facets than in-preference facets on any dichotomy. While this can happen on Extraversion–Introversion, Sensing–Intuition, and Judging–Perception, it will most likely occur on Thinking–Feeling. For that reason, I will explore the Thinking–Feeling facets first. (Other than that, I’m not going to write in any particular order; instead, I’ll rely on my Emergent style—Methodical–Emergent is a Judging–Perceiving facet—and just let it flow.) As you work with individuals to help them improve essential components of their professional development, it’s important that they understand how to combine different aspects of their individual MBTI Step II facet results and learn the most appropriate ways for them to flex their preferences. And in case you’re looking for a little more reading material on the MBTI Step II facets, here are two complimentary eBooks that offer ideas and tips for using Step II results to increase your people’s self-awareness and understanding: “How to Manage Seemingly Contradictory Facet Results on the MBTI® Step II™ Assessment” “Flexing MBTI® Step II™ Facets Appropriately to Maximize Effectiveness” Lastly, we’ve mentioned this in previous blogs but we do have a few new products that have been refreshed for a more modern aesthetic and user-friendly visuals, which includes some of our MBTI Step II products. To learn more about these refreshed MBTI Step II products,...

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